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Auto Insurance

Accident In Borrowed Car : Whose Policy Pays?

If you lend your car to a friend and your friend has an accident, it might be your insurance that's on the hook. It all depends on the insurance company that issued your policy. One company’s policy may state the insurance follows the car, while another company’s policy says the driver’s insurance is the primary coverage even though you own the vehicle involved.

Accident With a Borrowed Car : Whose policy pays?

If you lend your car to a friend and your friend has an accident, it might be your insurance that's on the hook. It all depends on the insurance company that issued your policy. One company’s policy may state:"the insurance follows the car"; while another company’s policy says the driver’s insurance is the primary coverage even though you own the vehicle involved. 

Let’s take a look at the two different scenarios:

• If the insurance follows the car and you lend your car to a friend, your coverage is considered the primary coverage. If your friend has an accident, it’s your insurance that will pay the claim. If the accident is serious enough to use up all of your policy’s coverage, then your friend’s coverage, which is considered secondary, might also be used. 



• If the insurance follows the driver, coverage is provided the other way around. If you lend your car to a friend and they have an accident, it’s their policy that is considered primary coverage, meaning their insurance company will pay the claim. In this case, your policy would be secondary and wouldn’t pay for anything unless your friend’s policy limits were used up.

All these rules go out the window in many cases if the person borrowing the car happens to be a relative who resides in the same household as the owner.  You should read your policy carefully to see what type of coverage applies to you. 

Remember these two things: First, always exercise caution when it comes to lending your car. Second, if you're ever in doubt about whether you or another driver is covered in any given situation, please call us.

Cellular Phone Coverage

Since many of us now have cellular telephones, we thought it might be worthwhile to highlight a few points regarding how insurance applies to this technology: 

If a cellular phone is stolen from your car (or along with your car if it is stolen), is the phone covered by your auto insurance? 
No, it is not unless the phone is permanently installed and powered by the car's electrical system. 

Is your portable cell phone covered by your homeowners or renters insurance? 
Sometimes it is, but coverage is subject to the policy provisions and deductible in your homeowners or renters policy. 

Can you buy broader coverage for your portable cell phone? 
Yes, most companies offer a special, broader coverage for portable cell phones that can be added to a homeowners or renters policy. Call us for details. 

What if you lease a portable cell phone? 
If you lease a phone, check with the company you lease the phone from to see what (if any) coverage they may provide. You may then want to check with us to compare coverages and cost.

Does your credit score factor into your car insurance costs?

Establishing a solid credit history can cut your insurance costs. Most insurers use credit information to price auto insurance policies. Research shows that people who effectively manage their credit have fewer claims. To protect your credit standing, pay your bills on time, don’t obtain more credit than you need and keep your credit balances as low as possible. Check your credit record on a regular basis and have any errors corrected promptly so that your record remains accurate.

Lease Loan Gap Coverage

If you are thinking about leasing or buying a car, you might consider adding Lease Loan Gap (LLG) Coverage to your auto policy.  LLG Coverage is an extension of your auto's physical damage coverage. 

Ordinarily, your comprehensive and collision coverages provide you with up to the actual cash value (the vehicle's cost minus depreciation) in the event of a total loss.  When you sign a lease or loan agreement, you may be obligating yourself for an amount higher than the vehicle's actual cash value. 

At a cost of approximately 5% of your current comprehensive and collision premiums, LLG Coverage protects you from out-of-pocket expense when such a "gap" occurs.  Although there are some limitations, LLG Coverage will pay up to your lease or loan amount if your car is stolen or if the cost of repairs is greater than its salvage value. Contact our office and we'd be happy to discuss this coverage further. 

Note: Some car manufacturers may provide gap coverage as part of the lease agreement — check your particular contract for details.

New Car Selection : Safety Counts

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has published a shopping guide for those wanting to buy a new car based upon safety features.  While the guide does provide specific car lists (from station wagons to sports cars) it also reveals some overall safety basics to keep in mind. 

Vehicle Size : Quite simply, bigger means safer.  According to the shopping  guide, "People in small vehicles are injured more often and more severely than those in large vehicles."  In relation to their number on the road, small vehicles account for more than twice as many occupant deaths as large vehicles.  Small sport utility vehicles have the highest death rates of all, in part because of their greater involvement in fatal rollover crashes. "While utility vehicles and passenger vans might go head-to-head in a popularity contest, passenger vans have good on-the-road crash experience --- similar to that of station wagons." 

Air Bags : Serving as a buffer between vehicle interiors and occupants' heads and faces, air bags provide automatic protection in frontal crashes.  The Institute advises that although "the speed and force of air bag inflation may occasionally cause minor injuries such as abrasions, this slight risk is far outweighed by the benefits." This type of injury can be reduced by selecting a seat position that is not too close to the steering wheel. 

Safety Belts : Remember, the more comfortable the safety belt, the more likely you are to alwaysuse it.  Even though shoulder belts allow some forward movement, automatic crash tensioners and/or belt webbing grabbers can reduce the chance of an occupant hitting the steering wheel or dashboard in a serious frontal crash. 

Antilock Brakes : Especially designed to avoid skidding and loss of control, antilock brakes automatically pump several times a second.  Drivers need to become familiar with the difference in braking style as antilocks require heavy braking pressure to activate this safety feature. 

Head Restraints : Required in the front seats of all new passenger vehicles, head restraints prevent occupants' heads from snapping back in a rear-end crash.  Look for a fixed head restraint or an adjustable restraint that is designed to protect tall and short people even in the "down" position.  Avoid a poorly-designed adjustable restraint that would only protect the shortest occupants. 

Built-in Child Seats : Several cars and vans offer built-in child safety seats as options.

Ohio's Graduated Driver Licensing Law

A graduated driver licensing law became effective in Ohio on July 1, 1998.  Designed to provide new drivers under age 18 with additional experience and skills when behind the wheel of a motor vehicle, this law:

  • • Allows 15 1/2 year-olds to obtain temporary instruction permits which are valid for one year.
  • • Requires a parent, guardian or licensed driving instructor to accompany the teen driver at all times.
  • • Requires the temporary permit to be held for a minimum of six months before a license may be obtained.
  • • Requires permit holders to have 50 hours of driving experience, including 10 at night, with a parent, guardian or licensed driving instructor.
  • • Also changes driver education requirements effective January 1, 1999. New drivers must have 24 hours of classroom and 8 hours of behind-the-wheel instruction.

The Ohio Insurance Institute supports this new graduated driver licensing system.  Similar systems in other states have reduced the number of crashes involving teens. Call our office or stop by for your free copy of The Driving Challenge - A Guide to Ohio's Graduated Driver Licensing Law published by the Ohio Department of Public Safety.  Or for further information call the Department directly at 1-800-462-2269.

Rental Cars : Should you purchase rental agency coverage?

If you have collision and comprehensive ("other than collision") coverages on your own car, you are most likely covered if you're traveling in the United States, its territories and possessions or Canada (for example, travel in Mexico, the Bahamas or Europe would not be covered).  Most policies (except business policies) cover any rental car that you drive at no additional premium.  Business cars frequently require an extra premium to afford the same coverage.  Give us a call before you leave for your "fun in the sun and/or snow" to confirm your coverage.

Uninsured Motorist Coverage : Do I Really Need It?

You're driving your son to soccer practice when you are rear-ended at a stop sign.  Dealing with the initial trauma of the accident and injuries and the subsequent disruption of a period of medical recovery and the inconvenience of car repairs is bad enough.  What if the injuries are serious?  And what if the at-fault driver has no insurance?  Where do you turn? 

This is where your Uninsured Motorists (UM) Coverage comes into play. 

What is UM Coverage? The Ohio Insurance Institute defines it as coverage that "pays the policyholder and passengers in his/her car for losses sustained by reason of bodily injury ... caused by the owner or operator of an uninsured automobile or a hit and run driver." 

What is the difference between Uninsured and Underinsured Motorists Coverage?Underinsured Motorists Coverage covers you and passengers in your car for "losses unpaid because sufficient bodily injury liability limits are not available from the policy of an at-fault driver." In other words, Uninsured Motorists covers you if the wrongdoer has no insurance whileUnderinsured Motorists covers you in the event that the wrongdoer has some coverage but not enough. 

Many people wonder if UM is really necessary.  After all, isn't liability insurance mandatory?  How can there be any uninsured drivers out there?  The problem is not everyone obeys the law.  The Office of Public Safety for the State of Ohio recently quoted to us in a telephone interview that 7% of the drivers convicted of moving violations in a recent six-month period were found to have no insurance.  There are upwards of 11 million automobiles registered in the State of Ohio.  If even 5% of them are uninsured, that's a frighteningly high number! 

Others question the necessity of UM in light of the fact they have very comprehensive medical coverage.  In the event of an accident with an uninsured driver, they assume their own medical coverage will fully protect them.  Yes, medical insurance would likely cover most medical expenses.  But it will not generally compensate the injured person for lost wages, disfigurement, pain and suffering, mental anguish, and changes in quality of life.  For a person permanently disabled following an accident, even things such as modifications to make a home and a vehicle more accessible can cost tens of thousands of dollars.  UM can compensate the victim in these broader areas. 

There are ways insurance dollars can be saved, but paring down or going without UM is one we strongly discourage. The largest claim in our agency history is not a huge fire loss or a big liability settlement.  It is, you guessed it, a UM claim. 

Uninsured Motorist Property Damage Coverage

It is estimated that one out of every 20 motorists is driving uninsured.  Although this figure represents only 5% of today's drivers, uninsured motorists are responsible for approximately 13% of all auto accidents. If you become involved in an accident with an at-fault driver of an uninsured motor vehicle there are coverage options available to ensure that you are adequately protected:

• UMBI- Uninsured Motorists Bodily Injury Coverage provides bodily injury coverage for you and for the occupants of your vehicle.  Most policies already provide this coverage. 



• UMPD- Uninsured Motorists Property Damage provides coverage for your vehicle. Vehicles without collision coverage have no protection for damage resulting from an accident with an uninsured driver.  If the optional UMPD coverage is added to your policy and you find yourself tangled in an accident with the at-fault driver having no insurance, you won't be left to pay for the damage to your car out of your own pocket.

Please contact us if you want to check into how your particular company's UMPD coverages are structured and priced.

What To Do After an Accident...

You've been in an accident.  Here are some general guidelines about what to do next:

  • • Stop at once. Never leave the scene of even a MINOR accident. 


  • • Seek medical assistance and summon police. 


  • • Do not admit fault. Do not comment about the accident to anyone but your insurance representative and the police.  Never accept or make an offer of cash, check or "private" settlement. 


  • • Gather accident information. Note the date and time of accident. 


  • • Obtain information on the other driver including: name, address, phone number, make of car, vehicle license number, insurance company and agent's name and telephone number. 


  • • Record a description of what occurred. 


  • • Draw a diagram of the accident showing the direction of both cars and the point of the accident.  Include street names and location of traffic signs/signals. 


  • • Report the accident promptly to your insurance agent.
When Another Driver Has an Accident in Your Car – Are They Covered?

In most cases, everyone in the same household is required to be on your vehicle’s insurance policy. For those friends or family members who don’t live with you but use your car – typically they’ll be covered. Permissive use generally applies in these cases. Car Insurance follows the vehicle. It is always best to confirm this with your insurer.

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